MOHUA UNVEILED URBAN GREEN MOBILITY SCHEME 2017

Urban Green Mobility Scheme 2017

Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) unveiled much awaited "Urban Green Mobility Scheme 2017", as the next phase of National Urban Renewal Mission. The ministry is already running "Smart Cities Mission" and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT). However, these programmes are focusing on urban infrastructure mainly utilities. Therefore, there was a need to have a separate sustainable urban mobility scheme having pan city coverage with emphasis on improving access of citizens. The aim of new Urban Green Mobility Scheme is to address infrastructure for Bus based transport – depots, maintenance facilities, ITS etc.; bring in private entrepreneurial spirit in operations; promote Non-motorized Transport (NMT), Last mile connectivity; promote alternate fuels, Electric Mobility for better environment; focus on Urban Freight and address high fatalities of pedestrians.

MoHUA has announced the Green Mobility Scheme for 103 cities on 03rd November 2017 at Urban Mobility India (UMI) 2017. The schemes call for the following reforms in the states: 

1. Establishment & operationalization of Unified Metropolitan Transportation Authority (UMTA)

2. Adoption and Implementation of Transit Oriented Development (TOD)

3. Adoption and implementation of Travel Demand Management (TDM) Measures

4. Adoption and implementation of policy for Urban Street Vendors

5. Establishment of an Urban Transportation Fund (UTF)

6. Adoption of an Anti-encroachment policy to reclaim the right of way

7. Preparation of Comprehensive Mobility Plans and their integration with the City Master Plan

Initially, the scheme was focusing on two key broader areas - Sustainable Urban Mobility and Sustainable Vehicles and Fuels. However, the government has issued the detailed guidelines of the project. The cities will be selected through a Green Mobility Challenge (GMC), which will submit Green Mobility Plan (GMP). The funding will be prioritised to cities based on score obtained within their respective group - Group I (Hilly / North East & UTs), Group II (population less than 1 million) and Group III (population more than 1 million including NCT Delhi, Chandigarh).

MoHUA was planning to provide funding for the procurement of green transport like electric buses. It was planned to provide INR 700 billion (US$ 10.75 billion) to 103 cities over the periods of 7 years (2018-19 to 2022-23).

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The government is expecting major improvement in the areas of Pedestrian and Cycling facilities (8,000+ of footpath and cycle tracks, and 73,000+ of public cycles), Public Transport Facilities (1,000+ of BRT network, redevelopment of 550 buses, and 20,000 para transit and 6,000 buses on alternative fuel/electric), and UT Financing and Institutional Strengthening.

The ministry emphasised that the states may need to adopt value capture finance policy framework to raise finance for sustainable urban mobility solutions through innovative means using land as a resource.  Public transportation systems and associate infrastructure are very expensive to develop; the cities need to explore means for collaboration with private sector and employing value capture finance mechanism like cities in France and other developed economies.

The copy of draft Urban Green Mobility Scheme is: