DELHI GOVERNMENT ANNOUNCED GREEN BUDGET – IS IT SUFFICIENT FOR THE CITY?

The Hindu

Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD) announced the annual budget 2018-19 on 21 March 2018 with a focus on improving air quality in the city. The government called it a 'green Budget' which will work on 26-point action plan.

The action plan will combines 26 programs and schemes of Transport, Power, Environment and PWD (Public Works Department) for devising a unified system of pollution control, bringing down levels of different pollutants.

The estimate reduction in CO2 and other harmful compounds will be like:

Budgetary Allocation

The budgetary allocations to different departments are as follows:

Budget 2017-18 – INR 444 billion (US$ 6.8 billion)

Budget 2018-19 – INR 530 billion (US$ 8.2 billion)

ABOUT DELHI

Some of the key fact about Delhi:

(1) Delhi is the richest city in India as per capita income in Delhi was almost three times of the national average, both at current and constant prices. During 2017-18, per capita income of Delhi at current prices estimated at INR 329,093 (US$ 5,062) as compared to INR 300,793 (US$ 4,625) in 2016-17.

(2) Delhi is known as ‘the City of Flyovers’ as there are 83 numbers of flyovers and RUB/ ROB at various places in Delhi. The total number of motor vehicles on road in Delhi as on 31 March, 2017 was 10.38 million, i.e. 556 vehicles per 1,000 inhabitants in the city.

(3) As per Economic Survey of Delhi 2017, a sizeable number of population has moved from public transport to two-wheelers. The numbers of two-wheelers constitute around 64 percent of all vehicles (i.e. 6.6 million registered two-wheelers) and Cars constitute 31 per cent of total vehicles (i.e. 3.15 millions).

(4) Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) is currently operating a length of 252 kms rail network in the city. The existing network of DMRC will be increased to about 350 KM (including NCR) after the completion of phase-III work of DMRC. Average ridership of Delhi Metro is 2.8 million per day during 2016-17 which is expected to be increased to 4.0 million with the completion of Phase-III.

(5) 1,757 cluster buses are operational in 8 clusters by private sector corporate carriage operators. Average fleet utilisation of cluster buses increased to 97% against target of 89%.

(6) At the operational level, Common Mobility Cards have been launched in Delhi in January 2018 on pilot basis in 200 DTC (Delhi Transport Corporation) and 50 Cluster buses wherein Delhi Metro Rail Card will be used for tendering fare in buses using ETMs (Electronic Ticketing Machines). Common Mobility Card will be implemented in all buses from April 2018.

DELHI BUDGET 2018-19 – TRANSPORT SECTOR

Some of the key announcements in the budget are:

City Buses - The timeline to buy 1,000 DTC and cluster buses each have been fixed. The government has planned to induct 1,000 standard size buses under DTC from November 2018 / June 2019 and 1000 new cluster buses under cluster scheme from September 2018 / March 2019. Also, 6 new bus depots at Gumanhera, Mundela Kalan, Rohini Sector-37, East Vinod Nagar, Bawana Sector-5 and VIU Burari will be constructed in 2018-19.

Electric Buses - The funds are sanctioned to procure 1,000 e-buses under cluster model, combine with, 905 electric feeder buses by Delhi Metro Rail Corporation. The e-buses will start plying on the road by March 2019.

Electric Vehicles Policy - Delhi government will frame a comprehensive electric vehicle policy, which will particularly emphasize the replacement of BS-II and BS-III two wheelers, taxi fleets, and commercial goods carriers with fully electric vehicles. Further, the government will provide a 50% concession in registration charges for CNG factory fitted private cars.

Electric Rickshaws – the government had announced a INR 30,000 subsidize e-rickshaw owners in 2016-17. The scheme will be continued and will be released to owners who registered between July 1, 2015 and April 1, 2016.